ASB's impact comes from a sustained commitment to 'crossing boundaries' - regardless of scale. ASB has had its major impacts where staff and partners link integrated natural resource management science with policy formulation, development initiatives by governments and civil society organisations, and decision making by farmers and other natural resource managers.
Impact through the REALU project
Cameroon: The project has contributed directly to the Readiness Preparation Proposal development process. Scientists on the project also led the climate change component (including REDD+) in the ongoing review process of the 1994 forest law. The project is now providing technical support to the FAO regional project on MRV.
Vietnam: Scientists conducted a national level opportunity cost study of implementing REDD+/REALU and contributed to Vietnam’s REDD+ Benefit Distribution System. They also provided consultation support to UN-REDD+ for a phase-II activities proposal in Vietnam.
Peru: ASB Scientists led the process to establish a new Mesa (Roundtable) REDD+ in the Ucayali region (formally established by the Regional Government (GOREU) in May 2011) with membership of 44 institutions from civil society, government and indigenous groups. On March 13th, 2013 an agreement for Collaborative Development of Emissions Reduction Trajectories for the Ucayali Region was signed by the members of the Roundtable.
Over 250 people trained world-wide on opportunity costs for REDD+, three regional workshops (Africa, Asia and Latin America) and five national level trainings (Indonesia, Vietnam, Cameroon, Peru, Panama
Land use planning for low emission strategies (LUWES)
LUWES has been applied in all four project landscapes in Cameroon, Indonesia, Peru and Vietnam. In Indonesia, this application has extended to districts neighboring the project site based on districts’ interest.The project teams in the four countries have made deliberate effort and placed focus on active participation by local government institutions in the planning processes, working closely with respective government departments of planning, agriculture, forestry, and civil society.
More than 15 trainings have been conducted at the landscape level across all project countries with participation from approximately 150 technical staff at district, municipal or similar jurisdictional levels. This included training on LUWES, carbon measurements and land tenure analysis.
There is potential for LUWES to evolve towards LUMENS (Land Use Planning for Development with Multiple Environmental Services)
Negotiation Support Initiative in Indonesia
In response to a request from the Krui ethnic community in Sumatra's Lampung Province, ASB formed a partnership in 1994 that eventually benefited more than 7,000 rural families working in the Damar (Shorea javanica) agroforestry systems of Sumatra.
The request set into motion a process that led to the signing of a Ministerial Decree creating an unprecedented forest-use classification in Indonesia. Specifically, the decree recognized the rights of community-based agro-foresters to control, maintain and develop their forest management systems within state forest areas. The decree also proved to be a powerful instrument that would support social justice and promote sustainable development. As these activities have spread, they have been referred to collectively as the Negotiation Support Initiative.
Read more about Negotiation Support Initiative in Indonesia
Sustainable Tree Crops Program (STCP)
Based on ASB science, the Sustainable Tree Crops Program (STCP) is a unique collaborative effort aimed at improving both the environment and the social and economic well-being of smallholder tree crop farmers in West and Central Africa.
Through STCP the international cocoa industry has joined forces with farmer organizations and researchers to create a ground-breaking public-private partnership.
- Farmer Field Schools and farmer-to-farmer knowledge sharing have improved management skills of over 39,000 farmers in three years.
- In fields of trained farmers, cocoa yields average 15-40% higher, while requiring 10-20% less pesticide.
- The increase in household cocoa income in 2004, a combined result of production and marketing interventions, averaged 23?55% higher than in non-programme households.
STCP is implemented by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), a leading ASB partner.
Read more about Sustainable Tree Crops Program impacts.