Southeast Asian Fire Regimes and Land Development Policy.

Abstract

Fires have long been an important tool for land development and management in tropical Southeast Asia. Fire disturbance regimes vary with forest structure, climate, topography and soils. These regimes have influenced, and been influenced by, the land-use systems of diverse cultures over centuries and millennia, producing diverse histories of fire and landscape dynamics. Low and moderate intensity fires are a regular event in the seasonally dry deciduous or savannah forests of Southeast Asia. These forests contain fire-adapted species and are frequently settled and used by swidden – cultivators. In contrast, fires in the moister evergreen forests of the humid tropics are much more irregular and typically associated with unusual events, for example droughts caused by dry phases of the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO). In the last 50–100 years the rate and extent of change in landscapes and disturbance regimes has increased substantially as societies throughout Southeast Asia have successfully grown in size, expanded and intensified the agricultural and forestry foundations of their economies, and adopted new management strategies to fire.


Citation
D. Murdiyarso and Lebel, L., Southeast Asian Fire Regimes and Land Development Policy., in Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World, asb @cgiar.org Springer-Verlag, 2007, pp. 261-271.

Authors
Murdiyarso, D; Lebel, L.; @cgiar.org, asb;
Publications Details
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Year Published: 2007