ASB work in Vietnam is currently based in 3 districts: Ba Be, Pac Nam and Na Ri districts in Bac Kan province.
The province has a population of 306,000 people, living in an area of 4861 km2. Most residents are poor (the poverty rate was 34 per cent, above the national average of 20 per cent in 2004). Agriculture and forestry are the main source of income for 85 per cent of the population.
Features of Bac Kan Province
- Forest Cover
- Period 1990-1995, natural forest area tended to decline with a loss of 2,474 ha of forest (average 494 ha/year). The forest coverage rate dropped from 46% to 44%.
- Period 1995-2010, the natural forest area increased significantly. Within 15 years, there has been around 9,960 ha increase, an average of 664 ha/year. From 1990 to 2010, the forest volume increased by 479,142 m3. Significant changes happened during the period from 2005 to 2010 (increase 484,991 m3), with an average 96,998 m3/year
- During this time (1990-2010)
- A large area of regrowth forest was replaced by planted forest (16,000 ha) and shrub (26,000 ha)
- Shifting cultivation area doubled, from 5,500ha to 11,00ha, mainly from shrub and poor & regrowth forest
- Agriculture land (perennial crops, annual crops, mixed fruit garden) almost did not interact with forest land
- Unclear land classification
- Unallocated land
- Illegal logging for economic purposes (wood) and agricultural land.
- Illegal mining
- Governance deficit
- Lack of awareness of local people.
- Opportunities: Governmental reforestation and allocation programs
In the past, ASB has also worked in Dac Lak and Dak Nong provinces.